The plant kingdom in Ohio. One basal eudicot, one monocot, one eudicot, a lycopod, two ferns (including one “tube fern”), two gymnosperms, a hornwort, liverwort, and moss.


Great lobelia, Lobelia syphilitica (Campanulaceae, the bellflower family)



October lady’s-tresses, Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata (Orchidaceae, the orchid family)

shrubby cinquefoil, Dasiphora fruticosa (Roasaceae, the rose family)

showy goldenrod, Solidago speciosa (Asteraceae, the sunflower family)

Bur-cucumber, Sicyos angulatus (Cucurbitaceae, the gourd family)

Bur-cucumber, Sicyos angulatus (Cucurbitaceae, the gourd family)


Obedient plant, Physostegia virginiana (Lamiaceae, the mint family)


biennial gaura, Gaura biennis (Onagraceae, the evening-primrose family)

Joe-pye weed

cursed crowfoot


St. Andrew’s cross

Swamp rose mallow.


Pale touch-me-not (jewelweed)

(scroll down for a spring wildflower review)

(4th week in March)

TRILNIVA Griggs 25Mar17_

snow trillium, Trillium nivale (Liliaceae, the lily family)


harbinger-of-spring, Erigynia bulbosa (Apiaceae, the parsely family)

(1st week in April)

whitlow-grass, Draba verna (Brassicaceae, the mustard family)

whitlow-grass (Draba verna) Family Brassicaceae

sharp-lobed hepatica, Hepatica nobilis (Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family)

sharp-lobed hepatica, Hepatica nobilis (Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family)

(2nd weed in April)

trailing arbutus, Epigaea repens (Ericaceae, the heath family)

trailing arbutus, Epigaea repens (Ericaceae, the heath family)


(1st week in May)

Eriophorum viridi-carinatum

thinleaf cotten-sedge, Eriophorum viridi-carinatum (Cyperaceae, the sedge fam.)

Potentilla canadensis

dwarf cinquefoil, Potentilla canadensis (Rosaceae, the rose family)

Amorpha fruticosa

false indigo-bush, Amorpha fruticosa (Fabaceae, the legume family)

Veronica officinalis

common speedwell, Veronica officinalis (Scrophulariaceae/Plantaginaceae)

(3rd week in May)

Mainthemum racemosum

false Solomon’s seal, Mainthemum racemosum (Liliaceae, the lily fam.)

Coronilla varia

crown vetch, Coronilla varia (Fabaceae, the pea family)

purple rocket, Iodanthus pinnatifidus (Brassicaceae, the mustard family)

(2nd week in May)

few-flowered valerian, Valeriana pauciflora (Valerianaceae, the valerian family)

Carex aggregata

aggregated sedge, Carex aggregata (Cyperaceae, the sedge family)

Solanum dulcamara

bittersweet nightshade, Solanum dulcamara (Solanaceae, the nightshade family)

(1st week in May)

Aplectum hyemale

putty-root orchid, Aplectum hyemale (Orchidaceae, the orchid family)

Trifolium repens

white clover, Trifolium repens (Fabaceae, the legume family)

Tragopogon pratensis

common goat’s-beard, Tragopogon pratensis (Asteraceae, the aster family)

Geranium maculatum

spotten geranium, Geranium maculatum (Geraniaceae, the geranium family)

Alopecuris caroliniana

Alopecuris caroliniana (Poaceae, the grass family)

(4th week in April)

Prosartes lanuginosa

yellow fairybells, Prosartes lanuginosa (Liliaceae, the lily family)

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum

appendaged waterleaf, Hydrophyllum appendiculatum (Hydrophyllaceae, the waterleaf fam.)

Iris cristata

dwarf crested iris, Iris cristata (Iridaceae, the Iris family)

Aquilegia canadensis

wild columbine, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae, the buttercup famly)

Asarum canadense

wild ginger, Asarum canadense (Aristolochiaceae, the pipewort fam.)

Osmorhiza claytoniana

sweet-cicely, Osmorhiza claytoniana (Apiaceae, the celery family)

Tradescantia virginica

Virginia spiderwort, Tradescantia virginica (Commelinaceae, the spiderwort family)

Carex albursina

broad-leaved loose-flowered woodland sedge, Carex albursina (Cyperaceae, the sedge fam)

Camasia scilloides

wild hyacinth, Camasia sciloides (Liliaceae/Hyacinthaceae, the lily/hyacinth fam.)

Hydrastis canadensis

goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis, Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family)

Trillium flexipes

nodding trillium, Trillium flexipes (family Liliaceae/Trilliaceae, the lily/trillium family)

(third week in April)

Trillium erectum

upright trillium, Trillium erectum (Liliaceae, the lily family)

Glechoma hederacea

gill-over-the-ground, Glechoma hederacea (Lamicaeae, the mint family)

Arisaemia triphyllum

Jack-in-the-pulpit, Arisaema rriphyllum (Araceae, the arum family)

Veronica serpilifolia

thyme-leaved speedwell, Veronica serpylifolia (Scrophulariaceae, the snapdragon fam.)

(second week in April)

Mitella diphylla

mitrewort, Mitella diphylla (family Saxifragaceae, the saxifrage family)

Tiarella cordifolia

foam-flower, Tiarella cordifolia (family Saxifragaceae, the saxifrage faminy)

Uvularia grandiflora

large-flowered bellwort, Uvularia grandiflora (family Liliaceae)

Stellaria media

common chickweed, Stellaria media (family Caryophyllaceae, the pink family)

Erythronium americanum

trout-lily, Erythronium americanum (Liliaceae, the lily family)

Caulophylum thalictroides

blue cohosh, Caulophylum thalictroides (family Berberidaceae, the barberry family)

Polemonium reptans

Jacob’s-laddrer, Polemonium reptans (family Polemoniaceae, the phlox fam.)

Trillium grandiflorum

white trillium, Trillium grandiflorum (family Liliaceae)

Ranunculus abortivus

kidney-leaved crowfoot, Ranunculus abortivus (Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family)

(first week in April)

Viola rostrata

long-spurred violrt, Viola rostrata, family Violaceae

Cerastium nutans

Oooh ooh, a native Cerastium! Cerastium nutans, family Caryophyllaceae

Oxalis violacea

Violet wood sorrel, Oxalis violacea, family Oxalidaceae

Viola blanda

Sweet white violet, Viola blanda, family Violaceae

Ficaria verna

Evil invasive buttercup (Ficaria verna)

(last week in March)


Dutchman’s breeches, Dicentra cucullaria, family Fumariaceae.


Spring cress, Cardamine douglasii (Brassicaceae, the mustard family)