Eight Asteraceae to Know and Love
(A sampling of distinctive fall-flowering
members of the Asteraceae)

A description of the family (from Lowden, 1997)

Herbs; rarely dioecious; leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled; flowers bisporangiate, monosporangiate, or neutral,
epigynous, in dense heads on a common receptacle surrounded by an involucre of bracts (phyllaries); pappus in position of calyx, of hairs, bristles, awns, teeth, or scales. or cuplike. or absent; corolla tubular and usually regular, usually 5-lobed, or ligulate and zygomorpbic (tubular at base but flat and straplike above); heads discoid (of flowers with only tubular corollas); ligulate (of flowers with only ligulate corollas). or radiate (of a central disk of flowers with tubular corollas surrounded by one or more series of flowers with ligulate corollas, called ray flowers); flowers subtended by bracts (pales), receptacle then chaffy, or flowers bractless, receptacle then naked; stamens 5, inserted on the corolla, filaments separate, anthers usually united around the style or rarely separate or scarcely united; carpels 2. united; ovary 1-1oculed with 1 ovule; style 1, usually 2-branched at apex; stigmas 2; fruit an achene. (Compositae. nom. altern.)

Introduction to the family and the Lowden Franklin County Flora.

Sawtoothed sunflower (Helianthus grosesseratus)

sawtoothed sunflower

sneezeweed (Helenium autuminale)


wingstem Verbesina alternifolia)


arrow-leaved aster (Symphyotrichum sagittifolium)

arrow-leaved aster

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray goldenrod

Riddell’s goldenrod (Solidago ridellii)

Riddell’s goldenrod

chicory (Cichorium intybus)


pilewort/fireweed (Erechtites hieracifolia)